The main focus of the joint project „Individualized Health Care“, which has now been concluded, is the integration of individualized medicine into the German health care system. Individualized medicine is understood to be a medical concept which serves to identify individual – especially biological – factors which could help predict a patient’s probability of developing a disease as well as the effectiveness of certain treatment processes. The joint project’s goal was to evaluate the ethical, economical and legal implications of such an individualized medical approach in order to prevent and treat diseases. It aimed to work out perspectives for an ethically justified, economically rationalized and legally appropriate development and application of these treatments.
In the course of this research project the Department for Social Law focused on how measures of individualized medicine could be integrated into the benefits catalogue of Germany’s statutory health insurance system. Scientists also conducted research into the possible implications for patients‘ personal rights. With regards to the resulting discussion on the necessity of legal protection concerning genetic health records, the USA’s legal situation, where gene-based individualized medicine is already more common, was incorporated. Furthermore, researchers at the Institute for Ethics and History of Medicine at the LMU Munich looked into the ethical issues of individualized healthcare in more detail, whereas questions regarding economical aspects were answered by scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum Munich, the German research institute for Health and Environment. The three-year project was funded by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research within the context of its research focus ELSA (ethical, legal and social aspects of modern life sciences and biotechnology).
Photo: MPI for Informatics - Bock
- Individualized health services can be fitted into the already existing performance categories of the SGB V. However, the precise classification depends on the customization of the particular benefits.
- In refunding individual health benefits, possible obstacles arise, for example with regard to the necessary benefit documentation or drug-test-combinations concerning social and legal quality control.
- As these individualized treatment methods also establish the use of genetic health data within the medical sector in general, a comprehensive protection of the right to informational autonomy is needed.