News 2017

Recessions during Working Age affect Health in Later Life

Using SHARE data from eleven countries Tabea Bucher-Koenen, scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy, Liudmila Antonova and Fabrizio Mazzonna investigate the effects of economic crises that people experience during their prime working age (20-50) on their health later in life. The results show that individuals who experienced a strong recession, where GDP dropped by almost 1%, rate their subjective health as worse and have worse objectively measured health compared to persons who did not go through an economic crisis. This effect is significantly stronger for people with low levels of education.

Full Article
New Study on the Well-being of older Migrants in Europe
A new study by Gregor Sand and Stefan Gruber from the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy compares the subjective well-being of both immigrants and natives aged 50-85 years. Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), their research reveals that migrants have lower levels of subjective well-being. Relevant factors for reducing the immigrant-native gap in well-being are, among others, holding the citizenship of the country of residence as well as a secure financial situation.

Study
SHARE
15 years of Riester Rension Scheme – a Résumé

The Riester pension scheme was introduced in the course of the pension reform in 2001 with the aim of making the statutory pension (Gesetzliche Rentenversicherung, GRV) sustainable in light of the demographic development. Now the Institute’s Department for Social Policy (MEA) has analyzed the achievements and failures of the Riester pension scheme. The expertise, which has been drawn up for the German Council of Economic Experts, also outlines options for future actions.

Expertise (German only)
App Explains Demographic Change

How does an aging society work? Is there a formula for aging healthily? And can demographers actually predict the future? The new mobile app “A Life Journey”, available for iPhone and iPad, aims at answering these and further questions. It contains interesting information on the topic of aging, conveyed in a vivid and comprehensible way. Furthermore, scientists such as pension expert Prof. Axel Börsch-Supan, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy, explain the causes and effects of an aging society in a series of interviews. Interactive parts are included, too, for example the “Life Expectancy Calculator” as well as another tool, which simulates how people with visual disabilities view the world around them.

Further Information
Does the EU fail in the fight against unemployment?

The free movement of workers is one of the greatest achievements of European integration, explains Prof. Ulrich Becker in "Dossier Politik" of the broadcast station Bayern2. However, this should not call into question the social and economic order in the Member States. In order to guarantee better protection for all EU citizens in the event of unemployment, Becker suggests the introduction of a European unemployment insurance system.
Award-Winning Dissertation

Anastasia Poulou, researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy, was honoured by the German-Greek association of lawyers (DGJV) for her dissertation. The award is assigned to academic papers, which are especially beneficial for German-Greek legal relationships. In her thesis titled "Der Schutz sozialer Grundrechte in Zeiten der Krise. Zur Rekonzeptualisierung der sozialen Dimension Europas", Poulou analyses whether the austerity measures, which were implemented during the euro crisis in Greece and Portugal, amongst others, violate individual as well as social basic rights. She also investigates who should be held accountable: the Union institutions, who imposed the measures, or the countries in crisis themselves.

Profile
Bavarian State Medal for Prof. Börsch-Supan

Prof. Axel Börsch-Supan, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy, has received the Bavarian State Medal for Social Merit. The Bavarian state government hereby acknowledges his exemplary research in the field of social security systems, among other things.<

Photographs of the award ceremony can be found here.
The Dynamisation of the Retirement Age

The daily newspaper BILD reported on 24 January 2017 under the heading of “The 2:1 formula / the new pension formula” about a proposal which was brought forward by Prof. Axel Börsch-Supan already in 2007. The idea had been taken up by the OECD in 2011 as well as, only recently, by the Scientific Advisory Board of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. The current media coverage relates to a statement that Börsch-Supan, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy, gave at a public hearing of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs on 23 January.

Statement (German)
Further Information (German)
 
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